The discovery was uncovered by researchers from the Siberian Section of the Russian Academy of Sciences (H) while conducting radiocarbon analyses on fragments of reindeer antler found at the Kushevat Paleolithic site in the Lower Ob region.
In addition to the antler bones, a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), a steppe bison (Bison Priscus), an
Paleolithic Age elk (Alces alces), a deer (Cervus elephus sibiricus), and maybe a musk ox were also examined (Ovibos moschatus). The bones were inspected, and their age was determined using a series of 20 different radiocarbon dates that all fell between 20 and 40 thousand years ago.
Even while the finding only shows that animals, not humans, inhabited the Arctic region 40,000 years ago, it has now been utilized as the basis for further study that dates human activity in the Ob area to that time. This is because recent examination of two reindeer antlers revealed evidence of human involvement within this group of bones.
The idea that an ancestor of modern man, Homo sapiens sapiens, may have invaded the Arctic and Subarctic has long intrigued scientists. It is commonly assumed that Paleolithic man traveled via the Ob River Valley. It is estimated that between 50,000 and 60,000 years ago, modern man first appeared in Europe and Asia.
It is still unknown where the modern man formerly resided and how he crossed the Urals. It was long thought that between 12,000 and 30,000 years ago, a large glacier covered the northern part of Western Siberia (just like the north of America and Europe). To the south of the glacier was a dammed basin, 130 meters deep.
“An worldwide scientific effort that combined AMS dating and optical-stimulating luminescence proved that there was no ice cover in the north of Western Siberia 12,000-30,000 years ago thanks to colleagues from Europe and Russia. The older historical period was north of Salekhard, 90 000-60,000 years ago. The Ob valley’s ice-dammed basin wasn’t much higher than 60 meters.
This paleogeographic representation is entirely distinct. I thought for thirty years that an ancient human may have lived in the northern part of Western Siberia under the correct conditions. The project manager and director of the laboratory at the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy named after V.I. V.S. suggested that now that we had the opportunity, we might attempt to prove it by discovering Homo sapiens artifacts from 30,000 to 50,000 years ago in the north of the Ob.
According to the Barents Observer, the research “suggests that Homo sapiens and not merely Neanderthals inhabited the Arctic Circle in the Upper Paleolithic age.” Prior to around 20 years ago, the only known past inhabitants of the region were Neanderthals, not Homo sapiens.
This was discovered by determining the age of a collection of bones discovered in 2001 at the Yakutia site using radiocarbon dating. The Neanderthals arrived in the region between 28,500 and 27,000 years ago, according to the radiocarbon findings.
Two important developments have come about as a consequence of the latest AMS investigation. The first is that Homo sapiens first emerged in the area north of the Arctic Circle 40,000 years ago, and the second is that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens resided in the Arctic Circle during the Paleolithic Age.