A Strange Ancient Underground City Is Being Excavated In Turkey And It Is Just Huge

Another ancient subterranean metropolis was recently unearthed in Turkey, with the potential to house up to 70 thousand people. If this is the case, the new city will be the biggest of all the comparable subterranean towns discovered by archaeologists.

Many of you have certainly heard about Derinkuyu, an ancient city in Turkey that was excavated underground around 3-4 thousand years ago. Derinkuyu is divided into eight levels (floors) and extends to a depth of 60 meters. Archaeologists unearthed it in 1963, and historians continue to be impressed.

Derinkuyu, on the other hand, is not even the biggest Turkish subterranean city in terms of size. Nivsehira, a city near Derinkuyu that was created about the same time as Derinkuyu and has both subterranean and above-ground structures, is not far away. It is still inhabited (more than 67 thousand people), and at least 20 thousand people might dwell underground in ancient times.

Turkey has a total of several dozen subterranean complexes, six of which are big enough to be named cities. Indeed, inhabitants constructed subterranean levels under every typical hamlet in ancient times to hide from attackers (according to historians) in case of invasions.

Turkey’s subterranean towns are one-of-a-kind ancient complexes found solely in this country. It’s thought that they were built because the volcanic rock was easy to process and then solidified and became incredibly sturdy when exposed to fresh air.

As a result, the caverns and tunnels excavated underground were very dependable and have been kept for thousands of years.

Archaeologists found a new subterranean city in Turkey two years ago, and it turned out to be so large that they have only excavated roughly 3% of its land so far. It may be the world’s biggest subterranean metropolis, according to them. These digs uncover countless chambers, tunnels, underground passageways, and relics every day.

Matiate (“City of Caves”) was the name given to the city. It was accidentally found while cleaning and restoring antique streets and buildings in Midyat, Mardin province.

Workers were cleaning out a previously unknown subterranean area when they came upon a passageway leading to undiscovered tunnels. Many old subterranean chambers linked by tubes have been discovered under Midyat, according to excavations.

Different household goods were discovered in the chambers, as well as various signs painted on the walls. The relics were dated to be approximately two thousand years old, indicating that this city is likely newer than Derinkuyu and Nivsehir.

The excavations at Matiat, according to Gani Tarkan, director of the Mardin Museum and head of the excavations, are intended to extend throughout the whole area:

“Midyat has been around for about 1900 years. It was originally constructed as a safe haven or escape path. As you may be aware, Christianity was not an established religion in the second century AD, and Christians sought sanctuary in subterranean towns to evade persecution by Rome.

“Or they may build their own subterranean cities.” Midyat may have been one of the apartment layers constructed for this reason. And, based on our estimations, at least 60-70 thousand individuals may seek shelter in these rooms and passageways.

Archaeologists have discovered 49 rooms so far, including possible places of worship, water wells, a food storage “pantry,” and several passageways and tunnels, accounting for just 3% of the subterranean city’s overall size.

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